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Introduction to Sociology: The Basics Chapter Exam

1.
One way to reframe the big social/political change that occurred when our society changed from one of lords versus peasants, to one of rights and representation, is to say we shifted away from a _____ society.

discriminatory
ad hoc
class-based
worker-based
2.
Comte’s positivism approach, which is the belief that societies have their own scientific principles and laws, is representative of which of his three stages of society?

The theological stage
The metaphysical stage
The vertical stage
The scientific stage
3.
We can study how ancient cultures compare to modern cultures because of this sub-field of anthropology.

Telemetry
Modernity
Archaeology
Mythology
4.
Sociologist often study _____. This includes the structures that influence daily life, such as religious groups, schools, political organizations and families.

Organizational psychology
Generational gaps
Social institutions
Loss of natural rights
5.
In sociology, ”theories” are attempts to explain why _____ choose to perform certain actions and how _____ function or change in a certain way.

professors; students
politicians; voting blocks
individuals; experiences
groups of people; societies